NEPHROGENIC ANAEMIA

NEPHROGENIC ANAEMIA was reported 3431 times

NEPHROGENIC ANAEMIA is most prevalent among patients taking these drug classes:

# Drug class Count Frequency
0 Bismuth [EPC] 148 0.0377
1 Vitamin D2 Analog [EPC] 38 0.0298
2 Anti-coagulant [EPC] 105 0.0208
3 Nitrogen Binding Agent [EPC] 1 0.0169
4 Antihypoglycemic Agent [EPC] 32 0.0161
5 Non-narcotic Antitussive [EPC] 155 0.0132
6 Cephalosporin Antibacterial [EPC] 68 0.0129
7 Vitamin D3 Analog [EPC] 376 0.0128
8 RNA Synthetase Inhibitor Antibacterial [EPC] 74 0.0120
9 alpha-Hydroxy Acid [EPC] 11 0.0116
10 Central alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonist [EPC] 438 0.0114
11 gamma-Aminobutyric Acid A Receptor Agonist [EPC] 9 0.0085
12 Lincosamide Antibacterial [EPC] 158 0.0082
13 Chloride Channel Activator [EPC] 47 0.0071
14 Parenteral Iron Replacement [EPC] 54 0.0070
15 Aluminum Complex [EPC] 110 0.0070
16 alpha-Adrenergic Blocker [EPC] 682 0.0070
17 Thiazide-like Diuretic [EPC] 181 0.0069
18 Tetracycline-class Drug [EPC] 234 0.0067
19 Quinolone Antimicrobial [EPC] 567 0.0067
20 Nitrate Vasodilator [EPC] 432 0.0065
21 Histamine-2 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 996 0.0065
22 Blood Viscosity Reducer [EPC] 16 0.0064
23 Stimulant Laxative [EPC] 67 0.0063
24 Dihydropyridine Calcium Channel Blocker [EPC] 252 0.0062
25 Phosphodiesterase 3 Inhibitor [EPC] 26 0.0059
26 Proton Pump Inhibitor [EPC] 2045 0.0053
27 Sulfonamide Antibacterial [EPC] 12 0.0053
28 Tubulin Inhibiting Agent [EPC] 1 0.0048
29 Serotonin-3 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 309 0.0048
30 Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Inhibitor [EPC] 56 0.0047
31 Polyene Antifungal [EPC] 126 0.0047
32 Loop Diuretic [EPC] 1385 0.0046
33 Peroxisome Proliferator Receptor alpha Agonist [EPC] 269 0.0046
34 Nitrofuran Antibacterial [EPC] 74 0.0045
35 Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor [EPC] 501 0.0045
36 Muscle Relaxant [EPC] 135 0.0044
37 beta-Adrenergic Blocker [EPC] 963 0.0044
38 Sulfonylurea [EPC] 487 0.0041
39 Benzodiazepine Antagonist [EPC] 2 0.0041
40 Arteriolar Vasodilator [EPC] 62 0.0036
41 Nitroimidazole Antimicrobial [EPC] 160 0.0036
42 Amide Local Anesthetic [EPC] 180 0.0036
43 Pyrethroid [EPC] 4 0.0035
44 Potassium-sparing Diuretic [EPC] 66 0.0032
45 Erythropoiesis-stimulating Agent [EPC] 218 0.0032
46 Bile Acid Sequestrant [EPC] 21 0.0031
47 Dietary Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitor [EPC] 174 0.0031
48 l-Thyroxine [EPC] 331 0.0031
49 Azole Antifungal [EPC] 287 0.0030
50 Provitamin D2 Compound [EPC] 684 0.0030
51 Antiarrhythmic [EPC] 183 0.0030
52 Cholinergic Muscarinic Antagonist [EPC] 79 0.0030
53 Aldosterone Antagonist [EPC] 261 0.0029
54 Non-Standardized Fungal Allergenic Extract [EPC] 3 0.0028
55 Thiazide Diuretic [EPC] 472 0.0028
56 Tricyclic Antidepressant [EPC] 1 0.0028
57 Glycopeptide Antibacterial [EPC] 102 0.0028
58 Methylxanthine [EPC] 369 0.0027
59 Glinide [EPC] 26 0.0027
60 HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor [EPC] 763 0.0026
61 Platelet Aggregation Inhibitor [EPC] 1325 0.0026
62 Osmotic Laxative [EPC] 353 0.0025
63 Anticholinergic [EPC] 23 0.0025
64 Insulin Analog [EPC] 664 0.0024
65 Central Nervous System Stimulant [EPC] 371 0.0024
66 Dopamine-2 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 2 0.0023
67 Vasopressin V2 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 15 0.0023
68 Anti-anginal [EPC] 36 0.0023
69 Angiotensin 2 Receptor Blocker [EPC] 475 0.0022
70 Plasma Volume Expander [EPC] 1 0.0022
71 Histamine-1 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 56 0.0022
72 Guanylate Cyclase-C Agonist [EPC] 33 0.0022
73 Cannabinoid [EPC] 13 0.0021
74 Opioid Antagonist [EPC] 1 0.0020
75 Opioid Agonist [EPC] 405 0.0020
76 Anti-epileptic Agent [EPC] 800 0.0020
77 Macrolide Antimicrobial [EPC] 88 0.0020
78 Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug [EPC] 1751 0.0020
79 Antidote [EPC] 13 0.0019
80 Thyroid Hormone Synthesis Inhibitor [EPC] 11 0.0019
81 Barbiturate [EPC] 19 0.0019
82 Antimetabolite Immunosuppressant [EPC] 12 0.0019
83 Phenothiazine [EPC] 37 0.0018
84 Serotonin-4 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 7 0.0018
85 Benzodiazepine [EPC] 845 0.0017
86 Rifamycin Antibacterial [EPC] 26 0.0017
87 Insulin [EPC] 69 0.0017
88 Skin Test Antigen [EPC] 3 0.0016
89 Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 19 0.0016
90 Anthelmintic [EPC] 3 0.0016
91 5-alpha Reductase Inhibitor [EPC] 79 0.0016
92 Dihydrofolate Reductase Inhibitor Antibacterial [EPC] 94 0.0016
93 Methylating Agent [EPC] 1 0.0015
94 Herpes Simplex Virus Nucleoside Analog DNA Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 94 0.0015
95 Herpesvirus Nucleoside Analog DNA Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 91 0.0015
96 Melanin Synthesis Inhibitor [EPC] 2 0.0015
97 Sulfone [EPC] 9 0.0015
98 Nicotinic Acid [EPC] 63 0.0015
99 Bile Acid [EPC] 16 0.0014
100 Aminoglycoside Antibacterial [EPC] 38 0.0014
101 Vitamin A [EPC] 6 0.0014
102 Melatonin Receptor Agonist [EPC] 13 0.0014
103 Vitamin B12 [EPC] 251 0.0014
104 General Anesthetic [EPC] 36 0.0014
105 Prostaglandin E1 Analog [EPC] 18 0.0013
106 gamma-Aminobutyric Acid-ergic Agonist [EPC] 81 0.0013
107 Non-Standardized Food Allergenic Extract [EPC] 18 0.0013
108 Vitamin D Analog [EPC] 4 0.0013
109 P2Y12 Platelet Inhibitor [EPC] 27 0.0013
110 Adrenocorticotropic Hormone [EPC] 1 0.0013
111 Carnitine Analog [EPC] 2 0.0013
112 Potassium Binder [EPC] 16 0.0013
113 Osmotic Diuretic [EPC] 4 0.0013
114 Vitamin C [EPC] 222 0.0012
115 Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor [EPC] 16 0.0012
116 Monobactam Antibacterial [EPC] 2 0.0012
117 Vitamin D [EPC] 197 0.0012
118 Interleukin-2 Receptor Blocking Antibody [EPC] 8 0.0012
119 Oxazolidinone Antibacterial [EPC] 18 0.0011
120 Corticosteroid [EPC] 852 0.0011
121 Prostaglandin Analog [EPC] 74 0.0011
122 Antiseptic [EPC] 3 0.0011
123 Catecholamine [EPC] 42 0.0010
124 Antifibrinolytic Agent [EPC] 5 0.0010
125 Estrogen [EPC] 137 0.0010
126 Cardiac Glycoside [EPC] 59 0.0010
127 Influenza A M2 Protein Inhibitor [EPC] 8 0.0010
128 Typical Antipsychotic [EPC] 15 0.0009
129 Non-Standardized Chemical Allergen [EPC] 20 0.0009
130 Phosphate Binder [EPC] 94 0.0009
131 Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor [EPC] 94 0.0009
132 alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitor [EPC] 3 0.0009
133 Serotonin-1b and Serotonin-1d Receptor Agonist [EPC] 28 0.0009
134 alpha-Adrenergic Agonist [EPC] 33 0.0009
135 Tetracycline-class Antibacterial [EPC] 3 0.0009
136 Phosphodiesterase 4 Inhibitor [EPC] 9 0.0009
137 Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitor [EPC] 74 0.0009
138 Calcineurin Inhibitor Immunosuppressant [EPC] 52 0.0008
139 Calcium [EPC] 78 0.0008
140 Cholinesterase Inhibitor [EPC] 10 0.0008
141 Antimalarial [EPC] 7 0.0008
142 Antiprotozoal [EPC] 5 0.0008
143 Vitamin K [EPC] 4 0.0008
144 Non-Standardized Plant Allergenic Extract [EPC] 7 0.0008
145 Macrolide Antibacterial [EPC] 1 0.0007
146 Sigma-1 Agonist [EPC] 4 0.0007
147 Uric Acid-specific Enzyme [EPC] 1 0.0007
148 Androgen [EPC] 25 0.0007
149 Somatostatin Analog [EPC] 2 0.0007
150 GLP-1 Receptor Agonist [EPC] 104 0.0007
151 Cholinergic Nicotinic Agonist [EPC] 32 0.0007
152 beta Lactamase Inhibitor [EPC] 2 0.0006
153 Standardized Insect Venom Allergenic Extract [EPC] 3 0.0006
154 Lipopeptide Antibacterial [EPC] 5 0.0006
155 Radiographic Contrast Agent [EPC] 8 0.0005
156 Paramagnetic Contrast Agent [EPC] 2 0.0005
157 Progesterone [EPC] 6 0.0005
158 Aromatase Inhibitor [EPC] 32 0.0005
159 Proteasome Inhibitor [EPC] 33 0.0005
160 Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Inhibitor [EPC] 4 0.0005
161 Factor Xa Inhibitor [EPC] 130 0.0005
162 Antimycobacterial [EPC] 6 0.0005
163 Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor [EPC] 1 0.0004
164 mu-Opioid Receptor Agonist [EPC] 1 0.0004
165 Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor [EPC] 3 0.0004
166 Adenosine Receptor Agonist [EPC] 2 0.0004
167 Histamine-1 Receptor Inhibitor [EPC] 1 0.0004
168 Prostacyclin Receptor Agonist [EPC] 5 0.0004
169 beta3-Adrenergic Agonist [EPC] 8 0.0004
170 Calcitonin [EPC] 1 0.0004
171 Sympathomimetic-like Agent [EPC] 9 0.0004
172 Hepatitis B Virus Nucleoside Analog Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor [EPC] 14 0.0004
173 Antiparasitic [EPC] 1 0.0003
174 Purine Antimetabolite [EPC] 19 0.0003
175 Mood Stabilizer [EPC] 51 0.0003
176 Pediculicide [EPC] 1 0.0003
177 Aromatic Amino Acid [EPC] 11 0.0003
178 CD38-directed Cytolytic Antibody [EPC] 4 0.0003
179 Atypical Antipsychotic [EPC] 90 0.0003
180 Aminosalicylate [EPC] 22 0.0003
181 Aromatic Amino Acid Decarboxylation Inhibitor [EPC] 9 0.0003
182 Protease Inhibitor [EPC] 10 0.0003
183 Iron Chelator [EPC] 6 0.0003
184 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Nucleoside Analog Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor [EPC] 22 0.0002
185 Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 Non-Nucleoside Analog Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor [EPC] 9 0.0002
186 Cytochrome P450 3A Inhibitor [EPC] 10 0.0002
187 Androgen Receptor Inhibitor [EPC] 12 0.0002
188 Lipid-based Polyene Antifungal [EPC] 2 0.0002
189 Estrogen Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 3 0.0002
190 Partial Opioid Agonist [EPC] 12 0.0002
191 Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitor [EPC] 4 0.0002
192 Cytomegalovirus Nucleoside Analog DNA Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 1 0.0002
193 Immunoglobulin G [EPC] 1 0.0002
194 Hydrolytic Lysosomal Neutral Glycosphingolipid-specific Enzyme [EPC] 1 0.0002
195 Antirheumatic Agent [EPC] 10 0.0001
196 Nucleoside Analog Antiviral [EPC] 12 0.0001
197 Kinase Inhibitor [EPC] 38 0.0001
198 Intestinal Lipase Inhibitor [EPC] 3 0.0001
199 Alkylating Drug [EPC] 17 0.0001
200 Folate Analog Metabolic Inhibitor [EPC] 31 0.0001
201 Prostacycline [EPC] 1 0.0001
202 Nucleoside Metabolic Inhibitor [EPC] 17 0.0001
203 Orexin Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 1 0.0001
204 Substance P/Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 1 0.0001
205 Endothelin Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 11 0.0001
206 Hepatitis C Virus NS3/4A Protease Inhibitor [EPC] 1 0.0001
207 RANK Ligand Inhibitor [EPC] 11 0.0001
208 Complement Inhibitor [EPC] 3 0.0001
209 Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 1 0.0001
210 Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Inhibitor [EPC] 8 0.0001
211 Retinoid [EPC] 12 0.0001
212 Hepatitis C Virus Nucleotide Analog NS5B Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 3 0.0001
213 Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 2 0.0001
214 Leukocyte Growth Factor [EPC] 5 0.0001
215 Soluble Guanylate Cyclase Stimulator [EPC] 1 0.0001
216 CD20-directed Cytolytic Antibody [EPC] 7 0.0001
217 Platinum-based Drug [EPC] 7 0.0000
218 PCSK9 Inhibitor [EPC] 4 0.0000
219 Selective T Cell Costimulation Modulator [EPC] 3 0.0000
220 Interleukin-12 Antagonist [EPC] 2 0.0000
221 Thalidomide Analog [EPC] 10 0.0000
222 Programmed Death Receptor-1 Blocking Antibody [EPC] 3 0.0000
223 Interleukin-23 Antagonist [EPC] 2 0.0000
224 Interleukin-6 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 2 0.0000
225 Parathyroid Hormone Analog [EPC] 3 0.0000
226 Interferon alpha [EPC] 2 0.0000
227 Progestin [EPC] 6 0.0000
228 Topoisomerase Inhibitor [EPC] 1 0.0000
229 Hepatitis C Virus NS5A Inhibitor [EPC] 1 0.0000
230 Microtubule Inhibitor [EPC] 2 0.0000
231 Tumor Necrosis Factor Blocker [EPC] 13 0.0000
232 Prostacycline Vasodilator [EPC] 1 0.0000
233 Recombinant Human Interferon beta [EPC] 1 0.0000
234 Integrin Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 1 0.0000