RENAL FAILURE

RENAL FAILURE was reported 110877 times

These drug classes are most commonly taken by patients reporting RENAL FAILURE:

# Drug Count
0 Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug [EPC] 18479
1 Proton Pump Inhibitor [EPC] 17795
2 Loop Diuretic [EPC] 12793
3 Corticosteroid [EPC] 11728
4 Platelet Aggregation Inhibitor [EPC] 10939
5 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Nucleoside Analog Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor [EPC] 9920
6 Benzodiazepine [EPC] 7858
7 HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor [EPC] 7199
8 Insulin Analog [EPC] 7072
9 beta-Adrenergic Blocker [EPC] 6518
10 Histamine-2 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 6302
11 Anti-epileptic Agent [EPC] 5953
12 Dihydropyridine Calcium Channel Blocker [EPC] 5811
13 Angiotensin 2 Receptor Blocker [EPC] 5018
14 Calcium Channel Blocker [EPC] 4527
15 Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor [EPC] 4517
16 Opioid Agonist [EPC] 4397
17 Thiazide Diuretic [EPC] 4350
18 Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 Non-Nucleoside Analog Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor [EPC] 4149
19 Thalidomide Analog [EPC] 3960
20 Provitamin D2 Compound [EPC] 3907
21 alpha-Adrenergic Blocker [EPC] 3838
22 Quinolone Antimicrobial [EPC] 3740
23 Cytochrome P450 3A Inhibitor [EPC] 3508
24 Nitrate Vasodilator [EPC] 3408
25 Aldosterone Antagonist [EPC] 3392
26 Sulfonylurea [EPC] 3373
27 Methylxanthine [EPC] 3231
28 Central Nervous System Stimulant [EPC] 3173
29 Osmotic Laxative [EPC] 3127
30 Kinase Inhibitor [EPC] 3118
31 Expectorant [EPC] 2960
32 Azole Antifungal [EPC] 2929
33 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitor [EPC] 2620
34 Factor Xa Inhibitor [EPC] 2616
35 Folate Analog Metabolic Inhibitor [EPC] 2463
36 Atypical Antipsychotic [EPC] 2457
37 Nucleoside Metabolic Inhibitor [EPC] 2444
38 Vitamin B12 [EPC] 2345
39 Tumor Necrosis Factor Blocker [EPC] 2306
40 Vitamin C [EPC] 2272
41 Platinum-based Drug [EPC] 2240
42 Alkylating Drug [EPC] 2211
43 l-Thyroxine [EPC] 2095
44 Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor [EPC] 2090
45 Cardiac Glycoside [EPC] 2073
46 Glycopeptide Antibacterial [EPC] 2043
47 Peroxisome Proliferator Receptor alpha Agonist [EPC] 2021
48 Vitamin D [EPC] 2017
49 Serotonin-3 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 1980
50 Central alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonist [EPC] 1898
51 Potassium Salt [EPC] 1799
52 Dihydrofolate Reductase Inhibitor Antibacterial [EPC] 1680
53 Antiarrhythmic [EPC] 1599
54 Tetracycline-class Drug [EPC] 1588
55 Endothelin Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 1537
56 GLP-1 Receptor Agonist [EPC] 1496
57 Sulfonamide Antimicrobial [EPC] 1490
58 CD20-directed Cytolytic Antibody [EPC] 1457
59 Calcineurin Inhibitor Immunosuppressant [EPC] 1407
60 Nitroimidazole Antimicrobial [EPC] 1400
61 Amide Local Anesthetic [EPC] 1376
62 Herpes Simplex Virus Nucleoside Analog DNA Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 1341
63 Dietary Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitor [EPC] 1333
64 Herpesvirus Nucleoside Analog DNA Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 1318
65 Herpes Zoster Virus Nucleoside Analog DNA Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 1307
66 Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitor [EPC] 1249
67 Erythropoiesis-stimulating Agent [EPC] 1203
68 Thiazide-like Diuretic [EPC] 1191
69 Phosphate Binder [EPC] 1186
70 Macrolide Antimicrobial [EPC] 1177
71 Hepatitis B Virus Nucleoside Analog Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor [EPC] 1158
72 Calcium [EPC] 1150
73 Polyene Antifungal [EPC] 1116
74 Vitamin D3 Analog [EPC] 1080
75 Programmed Death Receptor-1 Blocking Antibody [EPC] 1051
76 Nucleoside Analog Antiviral [EPC] 1038
77 Mood Stabilizer [EPC] 1034
78 General Anesthetic [EPC] 1008
79 Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Inhibitor [EPC] 1006
80 Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor [EPC] 991
81 Protease Inhibitor [EPC] 988
82 Insulin [EPC] 975
83 Catecholamine [EPC] 974
84 Lincosamide Antibacterial [EPC] 968
85 Proteasome Inhibitor [EPC] 945
86 Estrogen [EPC] 938
87 Muscle Relaxant [EPC] 927
88 mTOR Inhibitor Immunosuppressant [EPC] 912
89 Antirheumatic Agent [EPC] 907
90 Aminosalicylate [EPC] 888
91 Prostacycline Vasodilator [EPC] 876
92 Alkaloid [EPC] 859
93 Non-narcotic Antitussive [EPC] 793
94 Topoisomerase Inhibitor [EPC] 779
95 Aluminum Complex [EPC] 762
96 5-alpha Reductase Inhibitor [EPC] 745
97 alpha-Adrenergic Agonist [EPC] 742
98 beta-Adrenergic Agonist [EPC] 741
99 Interferon beta [EPC] 719
100 gamma-Aminobutyric Acid-ergic Agonist [EPC] 682
101 Bismuth [EPC] 673
102 Purine Antimetabolite [EPC] 661
103 Interleukin-6 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 624
104 Microtubule Inhibitor [EPC] 622
105 Selective T Cell Costimulation Modulator [EPC] 617
106 Aromatase Inhibitor [EPC] 614
107 Osmotic Diuretic [EPC] 572
108 Cholinergic Muscarinic Antagonist [EPC] 557
109 Aminoglycoside Antibacterial [EPC] 550
110 Iron Chelator [EPC] 543
111 Prostaglandin Analog [EPC] 532
112 Leukocyte Growth Factor [EPC] 531
113 Parathyroid Hormone Analog [EPC] 527
114 RANK Ligand Inhibitor [EPC] 526
115 Potassium-sparing Diuretic [EPC] 504
116 Nitrofuran Antibacterial [EPC] 480
117 Nicotinic Acid [EPC] 476
118 Complement Inhibitor [EPC] 447
119 Rifamycin Antibacterial [EPC] 446
120 Histamine-1 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 437
121 Anti-coagulant [EPC] 435
122 RNA Synthetase Inhibitor Antibacterial [EPC] 410
123 Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Inhibitor [EPC] 406
124 Oxazolidinone Antibacterial [EPC] 406
125 Macrolide [EPC] 397
126 Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 392
127 Interferon alpha [EPC] 388
128 Vitamin D2 Analog [EPC] 381
129 Cephalosporin Antibacterial [EPC] 376
130 Lipid-based Polyene Antifungal [EPC] 376
131 Androgen [EPC] 368
132 Cytomegalovirus Nucleoside Analog DNA Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 363
133 Calculi Dissolution Agent [EPC] 362
134 Hepatitis C Virus Nucleotide Analog NS5B Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 357
135 Integrin Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 347
136 Androgen Receptor Inhibitor [EPC] 339
137 Stimulant Laxative [EPC] 335
138 Anti-anginal [EPC] 333
139 Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 296
140 Phenothiazine [EPC] 291
141 Standardized Chemical Allergen [EPC] 290
142 Radiographic Contrast Agent [EPC] 285
143 Serotonin-1b and Serotonin-1d Receptor Agonist [EPC] 281
144 Nonergot Dopamine Agonist [EPC] 277
145 Typical Antipsychotic [EPC] 277
146 Arteriolar Vasodilator [EPC] 268
147 Cholinergic Nicotinic Agonist [EPC] 260
148 Soluble Guanylate Cyclase Stimulator [EPC] 253
149 Anticholinergic [EPC] 248
150 CTLA-4-directed Blocking Antibody [EPC] 247
151 Aromatic Amino Acid [EPC] 244
152 Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitor [EPC] 241
153 HER2/neu Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 240
154 Potassium Binder [EPC] 237
155 Janus Kinase Inhibitor [EPC] 236
156 CD52-directed Cytolytic Antibody [EPC] 235
157 Lipopeptide Antibacterial [EPC] 234
158 Antifibrinolytic Agent [EPC] 230
159 Aromatic Amino Acid Decarboxylation Inhibitor [EPC] 230
160 Glinide [EPC] 230
161 Chloride Channel Activator [EPC] 229
162 Interleukin-17A Antagonist [EPC] 221
163 Bile Acid [EPC] 208
164 P2Y12 Platelet Inhibitor [EPC] 206
165 Sulfone [EPC] 206
166 Prostacyclin Receptor Agonist [EPC] 198
167 BCL-2 Inhibitor [EPC] 185
168 Antimetabolite Immunosuppressant [EPC] 179
169 Guanylate Cyclase-C Agonist [EPC] 178
170 CD38-directed Cytolytic Antibody [EPC] 177
171 Non-Standardized Food Allergenic Extract [EPC] 177
172 Peroxisome Proliferator Receptor gamma Agonist [EPC] 176
173 Thiazolidinedione [EPC] 176
174 Antimetabolite [EPC] 165
175 Bile Acid Sequestrant [EPC] 163
176 Interleukin-2 Receptor Blocking Antibody [EPC] 163
177 Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 163
178 Hepatitis C Virus NS5A Inhibitor [EPC] 162
179 Echinocandin Antifungal [EPC] 152
180 Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 146
181 Parenteral Iron Replacement [EPC] 146
182 Antihypoglycemic Agent [EPC] 144
183 Estrogen Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 144
184 Gastrointestinal Motility Inhibitor [EPC] 144
185 Antimycobacterial [EPC] 142
186 Interleukin-23 Antagonist [EPC] 142
187 Cholinesterase Inhibitor [EPC] 141
188 Phosphodiesterase 3 Inhibitor [EPC] 139
189 PCSK9 Inhibitor [EPC] 137
190 Prostaglandin E1 Analog [EPC] 135
191 Retinoid [EPC] 132
192 Interleukin-12 Antagonist [EPC] 131
193 Antidote [EPC] 130
194 Partial Opioid Agonist [EPC] 130
195 Non-Standardized Plant Allergenic Extract [EPC] 129
196 beta3-Adrenergic Agonist [EPC] 128
197 Antiprotozoal [EPC] 126
198 Substance P/Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 124
199 Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor [EPC] 123
200 Antidote for Acetaminophen Overdose [EPC] 121
201 Immunoglobulin G [EPC] 121
202 Mucolytic [EPC] 121
203 Sulfonamide Antibacterial [EPC] 120
204 Sympathomimetic-like Agent [EPC] 120
205 Anti-IgE [EPC] 119
206 SARS-CoV-2 Nucleotide Analog RNA Polymerase Inhibitor [EPC] 118
207 Hydrolytic Lysosomal Neutral Glycosphingolipid-specific Enzyme [EPC] 117
208 Vitamin K [EPC] 111
209 Warfarin Reversal Agent [EPC] 111
210 Antimalarial [EPC] 109
211 Cannabinoid [EPC] 109
212 Tetracycline-class Antibacterial [EPC] 109
213 Vasopressin V2 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 107
214 GLP-2 Analog [EPC] 104
215 Thrombopoietin Receptor Agonist [EPC] 102
216 Barbiturate [EPC] 94
217 Potassium Channel Blocker [EPC] 91
218 alpha-Hydroxy Acid [EPC] 89
219 Blood Viscosity Reducer [EPC] 88
220 Monobactam Antibacterial [EPC] 88
221 Intestinal Lipase Inhibitor [EPC] 85
222 CD33-directed Immunoconjugate [EPC] 82
223 Melatonin Receptor Agonist [EPC] 82
224 Thyroid Hormone Synthesis Inhibitor [EPC] 75
225 Non-Standardized Chemical Allergen [EPC] 74
226 Asparagine-specific Enzyme [EPC] 73
227 Direct Thrombin Inhibitor [EPC] 73
228 Influenza A M2 Protein Inhibitor [EPC] 71
229 Phosphodiesterase 4 Inhibitor [EPC] 69
230 Progestin [EPC] 67
231 Pyrimidine Synthesis Inhibitor [EPC] 66
232 Vitamin A [EPC] 64
233 Interleukin-5 Antagonist [EPC] 61
234 alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitor [EPC] 58
235 Pyridone [EPC] 56
236 beta Lactamase Inhibitor [EPC] 56
237 Standardized Insect Venom Allergenic Extract [EPC] 54
238 Rifamycin Antimycobacterial [EPC] 51
239 SLAMF7-directed Immunostimulatory Antibody [EPC] 51
240 CD30-directed Immunoconjugate [EPC] 50
241 Calcitonin [EPC] 50
242 Interleukin-4 Receptor alpha Antagonist [EPC] 49
243 B Lymphocyte Stimulator-specific Inhibitor [EPC] 48
244 Progesterone [EPC] 48
245 Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Inhibitor [EPC] 46
246 Somatostatin Analog [EPC] 46
247 Adenosine Receptor Agonist [EPC] 45
248 Human Immunoglobulin G [EPC] 44
249 Recombinant Human Deoxyribonuclease 1 [EPC] 43
250 Hepatitis C Virus NS3/4A Protease Inhibitor [EPC] 41
251 Hydrolytic Lysosomal Glucocerebroside-specific Enzyme [EPC] 41
252 Paramagnetic Contrast Agent [EPC] 41
253 CCR5 Co-receptor Antagonist [EPC] 40
254 Orexin Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 40
255 Pyrethroid [EPC] 40
256 Dopamine-2 Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 39
257 Antiparasitic [EPC] 37
258 Nucleoside Analog Antifungal [EPC] 37
259 Parathyroid Hormone [EPC] 37
260 Pediculicide [EPC] 37
261 Copper-containing Intrauterine Device [EPC] 36
262 Vitamin D Analog [EPC] 34
263 Sigma-1 Agonist [EPC] 33
264 Uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 33
265 Acetylcholine Release Inhibitor [EPC] 32
266 Neuromuscular Blocker [EPC] 32
267 Prostaglandin E1 Agonist [EPC] 32
268 gamma-Aminobutyric Acid A Receptor Agonist [EPC] 32
269 Programmed Death Ligand-1 Blocker [EPC] 31
270 Recombinant Human Growth Hormone [EPC] 31
271 Vasodilator [EPC] 28
272 Humanized Monoclonal Antibody Fragment [EPC] 27
273 Antiseptic [EPC] 26
274 Dihydrofolate Reductase Inhibitor Antimalarial [EPC] 26
275 Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor [EPC] 26
276 Hydrolytic Lysosomal Glycosaminoglycan-specific Enzyme [EPC] 26
277 Non-Standardized Insect Allergenic Extract [EPC] 25
278 Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Potentiator [EPC] 24
279 Ergot Derivative [EPC] 24
280 Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor [EPC] 24
281 Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilizer [EPC] 23
282 Lymphocyte Growth Factor [EPC] 23
283 Carboxypeptidase [EPC] 21
284 Carnitine Analog [EPC] 21
285 Farnesoid X Receptor Agonist [EPC] 21
286 Non-Standardized Fungal Allergenic Extract [EPC] 21
287 Actinomycin [EPC] 19
288 CD22-directed Immunoconjugate [EPC] 19
289 Noncompetitive AMPA Glutamate Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 19
290 Progestin-containing Intrauterine Device [EPC] 19
291 Respiratory Syncytial Virus Anti-F Protein Monoclonal Antibody [EPC] 18
292 Selective T Cell Costimulation Blocker [EPC] 18
293 Cytomegalovirus DNA Terminase Complex Inhibitor [EPC] 17
294 Progestin Antagonist [EPC] 17
295 Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 2 Antagonist [EPC] 17
296 Polymyxin-class Antibacterial [EPC] 16
297 Cholinergic Receptor Agonist [EPC] 15
298 Partial Cholinergic Nicotinic Agonist [EPC] 15
299 Reducing and Complexing Thiol [EPC] 15
300 Human Platelet-derived Growth Factor [EPC] 14
301 Interferon gamma [EPC] 14
302 Neuraminidase Inhibitor [EPC] 14
303 Oxytocic [EPC] 14
304 Benzodiazepine Antagonist [EPC] 13
305 Macrolide Antibacterial [EPC] 13
306 Uric Acid-specific Enzyme [EPC] 13
307 mu-Opioid Receptor Agonist [EPC] 13
308 Anthelmintic [EPC] 11
309 Gadolinium-based Contrast Agent [EPC] 11
310 Vesicular Monoamine Transporter 2 Inhibitor [EPC] 11
311 Adrenocorticotropic Hormone [EPC] 10
312 Amino Acid [EPC] 10
313 Contrast Agent for Ultrasound Imaging [EPC] 10
314 Interleukin-5 Receptor alpha-directed Cytolytic Antibody [EPC] 10
315 Melanin Synthesis Inhibitor [EPC] 10
316 Mucocutaneous Epithelial Cell Growth Factor [EPC] 9
317 Plasma Kallikrein Inhibitor [EPC] 9
318 Adrenal Steroid Synthesis Inhibitor [EPC] 8
319 Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Inhibitor [EPC] 8
320 Antidiarrheal [EPC] 8
321 Glycolipid Disialoganglioside-directed Antibody [EPC] 8
322 Penem Antibacterial [EPC] 8
323 Pleuromutilin Antibacterial [EPC] 8
324 Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor [EPC] 8
325 Skin Test Antigen [EPC] 8
326 Tuberculosis Skin Test [EPC] 8
327 Antileishmanial [EPC] 7
328 Endoglycosidase [EPC] 7
329 Plasma Volume Expander [EPC] 7
330 CD123 Interaction [EPC] 6
331 Cytotoxin [EPC] 6
332 Lipid Emulsion [EPC] 6
333 Parathyroid Hormone-Related Peptide Analog [EPC] 6
334 Radioactive Diagnostic Agent [EPC] 6
335 Tricyclic Antidepressant [EPC] 6
336 Tubulin Inhibiting Agent [EPC] 6
337 4-Hydroxyphenyl-Pyruvate Dioxygenase Inhibitor [EPC] 5
338 Anthracycline Topoisomerase Inhibitor [EPC] 5
339 Benzothiazole [EPC] 5
340 Ester Local Anesthetic [EPC] 5
341 Glucosylceramide Synthase Inhibitor [EPC] 5
342 Live Attenuated Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Immunotherapy [EPC] 5
343 Live Attenuated Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Vaccine [EPC] 5
344 Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor [EPC] 5
345 Monoamine Oxidase Type B Inhibitor [EPC] 5
346 Carbamoyl Phosphate Synthetase 1 Activator [EPC] 4
347 Human Blood Coagulation Factor [EPC] 4
348 Human Immunoglobulin [EPC] 4
349 Hydrolytic Lysosomal Cholesteryl Ester-specific Enzyme [EPC] 4
350 Hydrolytic Lysosomal Triacylglycerol-specific Enzyme [EPC] 4
351 Interleukin-6 Antagonist [EPC] 4
352 Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 Antagonist [EPC] 4
353 Nonsteroidal Mineralocorticoid-Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 4
354 Surfactant [EPC] 4
355 Thyroid Stimulating Hormone [EPC] 4
356 5-Lipoxygenase Inhibitor [EPC] 3
357 Hydrolytic Lysosomal Glycogen-specific Enzyme [EPC] 3
358 Methylating Agent [EPC] 3
359 Non-Standardized House Dust Allergenic Extract [EPC] 3
360 Recombinant Human Nerve Growth Factor [EPC] 3
361 Streptogramin Antibacterial [EPC] 3
362 Tissue-nonspecific Alkaline Phosphatase [EPC] 3
363 Antisense Oligonucleotide [EPC] 2
364 CD4-directed Blocking Antibody [EPC] 2
365 Cytomegalovirus pUL97 Kinase Inhibitor [EPC] 2
366 Estrogen Agonist/Antagonist [EPC] 2
367 Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 2
368 Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 Post-attachment Fusion Inhibitor [EPC] 2
369 Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 Receptor Inhibitor [EPC] 2
370 Interleukin-17 Receptor A Antagonist [EPC] 2
371 Leptin Analog [EPC] 2
372 Lipoglycopeptide Antibacterial [EPC] 2
373 Phenylalanine Metabolizing Enzyme [EPC] 2
374 Photoenhancer [EPC] 2
375 Standardized Animal Hair Allergenic Extract [EPC] 2
376 Survival Motor Neuron-2-directed RNA Interaction [EPC] 2
377 Calcitonin Gene-related Peptide Receptor Antagonist [EPC] 1
378 Chemokine Receptor Type 4 Interaction [EPC] 1
379 Cholecystokinin Analog [EPC] 1
380 Cytolytic Agent [EPC] 1
381 Gonadotropin [EPC] 1
382 Lead Chelator [EPC] 1
383 Monoclonal Antibody [EPC] 1
384 Nitrogen Binding Agent [EPC] 1
385 Non-Standardized Animal Skin Allergenic Extract [EPC] 1
386 Non-Standardized Pollen Allergenic Extract [EPC] 1
387 Orthopoxvirus VP37 Envelope Wrapping Protein Inhibitor [EPC] 1
388 Partial Opioid Agonist/Antagonist [EPC] 1
389 Photoactivated Radical Generator [EPC] 1
390 Psoralen [EPC] 1
391 Sclerosing Agent [EPC] 1
392 Standardized Pollen Allergenic Extract [EPC] 1
393 Vitamin B6 Analog [EPC] 1
394 l-Triiodothyronine [EPC] 1